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Comfy post-war lifetime of Nazi who oversaw torture and homicide at…

A Nazi officer accountable for a focus camp for youngsters escaped justice and lived a ‘comfy post-war lifestyles’ writing books and police manuals, new analysis has discovered.

A 3-month investigation by way of Polish historians has printed that the commandant who oversaw the camp, which was once dubbed ‘Little Auschwitz’, escaped justice as a result of his title have been misspelt in legit paperwork.

SS Sturmbannführer Friedrich Camillo Ehrlich was once head of the infamous youngsters’s focus camp ‘Kinder-KZ’ within the town of Lodz in Nazi-occupied Poland right through the 2nd International Battle.

There, he oversaw the mistreatment of as much as 2,000 Polish kids, of whom as many as 300 have been murdered or died because of the horrendous stipulations.

Captured by way of the Purple Military and sentenced to lifestyles imprisonment on the finish of the battle, Ehrlich was once later launched by way of East German government – after which disappeared.

Now, after digging via German and Polish archives, researchers have discovered that he lived luckily in retirement, writing books and doing consultancy paintings for the German police.

One e book he wrote for the police bore the identify in German of Einbrecher, which interprets as ‘Burglars’. 

Michał Hankiewicz from the Museum of Polish Kids of Sufferers of Totalitarianism which performed the investigation stated that as a result of an admin mistake, he was once referred to as Karl Ehrlich after the battle.  

‘Because of this, he was once by no means held answerable for his battle crimes,’ Mr Hankiewicz stated. 

Armed with the brand new knowledge that Karl Ehrlich and Friedrich Camillo Ehrlich have been the similar individual, the researchers have been ready to start out piecing his lifestyles in combination. 

Nazi officer SS Sturmbannführer Friedrich Camillo Ehrlich, who was once accountable for a focus camp for youngsters in occupied Poland escaped justice and lived a ‘comfy post-war lifestyles’ writing books and police manuals, new analysis has discovered. Above: Ehrlich examining the kids within the camp, which was once throughout the Lodz Jewish ghetto

Ehrlich was head of the notorious children's concentration camp in the city of Lodz in Nazi-occupied Poland during the Second World War. Above: Children line up as they are inspected by Ehrlich

Ehrlich was once head of the infamous youngsters’s focus camp within the town of Lodz in Nazi-occupied Poland right through the 2nd International Battle. Above: Kids line up as they’re inspected by way of Ehrlich  

Captured by the Red Army and sentenced to life imprisonment at the end of the war, he was later released by East German authorities - and then disappeared. Above: Ehrlich's original ID card which features his real name

Captured by way of the Purple Military and sentenced to lifestyles imprisonment on the finish of the battle, he was once later launched by way of East German government – after which disappeared. Above: Ehrlich’s authentic ID card which options his actual title 

Hankiewicz stated: ‘By means of inspecting the German archives, we controlled to find that during February 1950 he was once transferred to a jail in Waldheim.

‘On Might 16, 1950, the Nationwide Courtroom in Chemnitz sentenced him to lifestyles imprisonment, deprivation of public rights and forfeiture of assets.

Ehrlich's wartime photograph

Ehrlich’s wartime {photograph} 

‘He was once discovered responsible of lively participation within the terror equipment of the 3rd Reich, however no reference was once made to the crimes dedicated by way of him within the youngsters’s camp.

‘On April 28, 1956, Ehrlich was once launched by way of the GDR government with out giving any reason why.

He left for West Germany, the place his conviction was once regarded as groundless.’

After fleeing to West Germany he started publishing articles on forensic science and in addition wrote handbooks for law enforcement officials on methods to inspire youngsters to keep away from crime.

Hankiewicz added: ‘He lived out his lifestyles conveniently in Munich writing how-to manuals for the German police and died in Munich on 6 June 1974 on the age of 81.’

Then again, in 1970, Ehrlich was once wondered as a suspect in reference to an investigation in opposition to Heinrich Fuge, who ran some other camp as regards to the only in Lodz.

Ehrlich denied that he had dedicated any crimes and claimed he had forbidden the thrashing of kids. He additionally claimed he had by no means noticed guards with whips or lashes. 

He stated he had allowed youngsters to peer their households and maintained that simplest 3 youngsters died within the camp below his command. 

No fees have been introduced in opposition to Ehrlich and he died a unfastened guy.

Born on 23 February 1893 in Löβnitz, Saxony, right through the First International Battle Ehrlich was once promoted to the rank of Lieutenant and earned an Iron Go.

In 1922 he married Elisabeth Oelsner, prior to becoming a member of the police and turning into a detective in what’s now the town of Chemnitz.

One book he wrote for the police bore the title in German of Einbrecher: Aufzeichnungen eines Kriminalkommissars, which translates as 'Burglars: Notes of a Detective Inspector'

One e book he wrote for the police bore the identify in German of Einbrecher: Aufzeichnungen eines Kriminalkommissars, which interprets as ‘Burglars: Notes of a Detective Inspector’ 

Some of the documents that researchers found which revealed Ehrlich's brutal past as a war criminal

One of the crucial paperwork that researchers discovered which printed Ehrlich’s brutal previous as a battle prison

Becoming a member of the Nazi Birthday party in 1937 and turning into leader of the prison police, in April 1939 he joined the SS the place he rose to the rank of Sturmbannführer prior to being posted to Litzmannstadt, the title the Germans gave to Lodz.

Historians say that now they know Ehrlich’s actual title, they’re proceeding to determine up to they may be able to about his post-war lifestyles. 

With the outlet of the kids’s camp in December 1942 at the orders of SS leader Heinrich Himmler, Ehrlich was once appointed as its commandant.

Hidden throughout the Lodz Jewish ghetto, renamed Litzmannstadt by way of the Germans, it was once the one camp to be established by way of the Nazis in particular for youngsters in occupied Europe.

As many as 2,000 Polish youngsters elderly between two and 16 years previous confronted untold horrors inside of as they have been imprisoned in horrendous stipulations, which noticed them crushed, tortured and starved.

The camp quickly was referred to as ‘Little Auschwitz’ as a result of its top dying fee and the violence passed out by way of SS thugs in rate.

The youngsters have been remoted from the principle Lodz ghetto which housed adults by way of a top wood fence built by way of Jewish prisoners.

Maximum have been little kids of what the Nazis referred to as ‘unhealthy bandits’ – males or ladies who belonged to the underground resistance motion, however homeless youngsters and the ones with psychological and bodily disabilities have been additionally pressured into the camps. 

Some youngsters who have been arrested for petty crimes have been additionally taken to the camp.

The prisoners have been stripped in their id and compelled to put on gray jail uniforms and clogs. 

They have been identified by way of numbers as an alternative of names and compelled to bear relentless and insufferable camp stipulations. 

Even if no longer strictly a part of the Nazi’s huge focus camp machine, survivors say the barbaric stipulations have been worse than different camps. 

Inmates have been filled in wood blocks that introduced little coverage from the chilly right through wintry weather, whilst the German guards have been accommodated in brick constructions.

Prisoner testimonies inform of continuing, unrelenting starvation.  

For breakfast youngsters can be given only one slice of bread and part a litre of black espresso.

The youngsters have been starved of lunch and given only a litre of turnip or potato soup with beet leaves or cabbage for dinner. 

They have been very from time to time given a spoonful of marmalade.

Most of the youngsters died of hunger and illness or from vicious beatings and floggings by the hands of SS guards.

As many as 2,000 Polish children aged between two and 16 years old faced untold horrors inside the Lodz camp as they were imprisoned in horrendous conditions, which saw them beaten, tortured and starved. Above: A female inmate

Another of the inmates

As many as 2,000 Polish youngsters elderly between two and 16 years previous confronted untold horrors throughout the Lodz camp as they have been imprisoned in horrendous stipulations, which noticed them crushed, tortured and starved. Above: Two feminine inmates

Boys straightened needles and made straw shoes, wicker baskets, gas mask belts and leather parts of backpacks. Girls worked in the camp laundry, kitchen, tailor's workshop and the garden. Above: The children's are seen being inspected by SS officers as they work

Boys straightened needles and made straw footwear, wicker baskets, fuel masks belts and leather-based portions of backpacks. Ladies labored within the camp laundry, kitchen, tailor’s workshop and the lawn. Above: The youngsters’s are noticed being inspected by way of SS officials as they paintings  

Girls worked in the camp laundry, kitchen, tailor's workshop and the garden. Above: Children in the camp

Ladies labored within the camp laundry, kitchen, tailor’s workshop and the lawn. Above: Kids within the camp 

It is believed that as many as 300 children were murdered or died within the camp walls, though the exact number is unknown. Above: A female prisoner

A boy seen with his head shaved

It’s believed that as many as 300 youngsters have been murdered or died inside the camp partitions, despite the fact that the precise quantity is unknown. Above: A male and female prisoner

The camp’s filthy stipulations noticed a typhus epidemic in overdue 1942 and early 1943 which claimed the lives of many youngsters.

Those that remained alive have been subjected to pressured labour morning to nighttime and dehumanising punishment by way of sadistic German guards.

Boys straightened needles and made straw footwear, wicker baskets, fuel masks belts and leather-based portions of backpacks. 

Ladies labored within the camp laundry, kitchen, tailor’s workshop and the lawn. 

It’s believed that as many as 300 youngsters have been murdered or died inside the camp partitions, despite the fact that the precise quantity is unknown.

Kids have been pressured to sleep in camp uniforms on naked planks, which rotted once they rainy themselves in worry of camp brutality.

They have been made to clean outdoor, generally with out cleaning soap, in freezing stipulations below a pump or in a basin. 

Till spring 1944 there was once no lively bathtub or room to steam garments, which means camp lice have been not unusual – despite the fact that being discovered to have them was once punishable by way of flogging or hunger. 

Some of the camp’s maximum infamous guards was once the sadist Edward August.

Pictured left, Sydonia Bayer (third from left) inspects new arrivals with SS officers. One survivor recalled that she enjoyed pouring could water over sick children

Pictured left, Sydonia Bayer (3rd from left) inspects new arrivals with SS officials. One survivor recalled that she loved pouring may water over in poor health youngsters

SS guards inspect the arrivals of children at the camp in spring 1943

SS guards investigate cross-check the arrivals of kids on the camp in spring 1943

Camp survivor Jozef Witkowski recalled: ‘He was once repeatedly under the influence of alcohol. He was once omnipresent. He took excitement in subjecting prisoners to probably the most imaginative torture.

‘He beat and kicked them in probably the most delicate puts, he buried them in bins of sand, dunked them in a barrel of water, hung them by way of the legs on a sequence and decreased their heads right into a tank with used automotive lubricants, he minimize their genitals with a penknife, beat their heels and extinguished cigarettes on prisoners’ chests’.

Sydonia Bayer was once the Nazi thug accountable for the women’ phase of the camp and was once nicknamed ‘Frau Physician’ by way of the kids.

The previous saleswoman had a elementary working out of First Help and was once put accountable for blocks the place critically in poor health youngsters have been taken.

Jozef recalled: ‘She preferred to tug in poor health youngsters into the snow and pour chilly water on them. She ordered them to be whipped, crushed, kicked, disadvantaged of foods.

‘As a type of repression for youngsters who rainy their beds, she organised a distinct penal ‘block for youngsters unwittingly urinating’.’

Survivor Maria Jaworska recalled how a 10-year-old lady who had rainy her mattress died a couple of days after being savagely crushed by way of Bayer.

Camp data display that Bayer recorded tuberculosis as the reason for the lady’s dying.

Kids have been additionally subjected to horrendous experiments as guards inflamed them with more than a few sicknesses to check remedy strategies. 

SS officers stand outside Block 8 where boys have been forced to line up. Block 8 has been recreated as part of the new 'digital' camp

SS officials stand outdoor Block 8 the place boys were pressured to line up. Block 8 has been recreated as a part of the brand new ‘virtual’ camp

The visualisation will help 'teachers trying to familiarize students with the issues of martyrdom of Polish children during World War II.'

The visualisation will assist ‘academics looking to familiarize scholars with the problems of martyrdom of Polish youngsters right through International Battle II.’

Bayer and August have been arrested after the battle and finished for crimes dedicated in opposition to youngsters on the camp. 

A lot of the camp has since been rebuilt and changed into residences. 

Some authentic constructions together with workshops and the commandant constructions stay, despite the fact that those have additionally been transformed into lodging.

Essential paperwork have been destroyed by way of Germans prior to fleeing the advancing Purple Military on January 18, 1945.

When the Nazi profession of Lodz ended, there have been over simply 800 kid prisoners left within the camp. 

Final yr, the researchers on the Museum of Polish Kids of Sufferers of Totalitarianism came upon letters written by way of youngsters imprisoned on the camp in Lodz.  

They printed the inhuman stipulations during which the kids have been pressured to reside in.  

In a single, a 12-year-old lady referred to as Halinka Cubrzyńska wrote on February 15, 1944: ‘My expensive oldsters, if you’ll be able to get me some leather-based boots and ship me, as a result of I’ve not anything to put on (…) I’m soliciting for some cleaning soap and a spoon too, as a result of I do not need anything else to devour.’

Every other from a 12-year-old boy referred to as Jas Spychala and dated October 16, 1944 says ‘My darling mummy, please bake me 20 pancakes. And onions and mustard.

He added: ‘I paintings as a saddle maker… You’ll ship me pictures however do not be expecting a answer for a month.’

But some other from a 13-year-old lady referred to as Gertruda Nowak and dated April 2, 1944, reads: ‘Jerzy got here from the sanatorium wholesome, now he has fallen in poor health once more with pneumonia and water in his facet. I’m very anxious that it is going to worsen.’

The camp was separated from the main ghetto by a high wooden fence made by Jewish prisoners and was run by the SS between 1942 to 1944

The camp was once separated from the principle ghetto by way of a top wood fence made by way of Jewish prisoners and was once run by way of the SS between 1942 to 1944

Describing the unearths as ‘worthwhile’ Dr Andrzej Janicki from the museum stated: ‘Those letters are a distinct, intimate type of touch with the reports of those youngsters’s in point of fact tragic reports.

‘Learn actually, the letters from the youngest prisoners of the German camp may recommend the stipulations have been excellent.

‘The letters are filled with assurances that the kids are doing smartly, that everybody is wholesome.

‘However between the traces a sad image emerges. There may be knowledge right here that tells about the actual state of affairs within the camp.

‘From a letter of probably the most ladies we be informed that “they’re all wholesome”, however her brother “just lately suffered from pneumonia and he has water in his facet”.

‘Every other lady asks for footwear for herself and her sister.’

He added: ‘The content material of the letters written by way of the kids to their oldsters or instant circle of relatives does no longer display the entire reality in regards to the stipulations of the camp – starvation, beatings, and sicknesses.

‘Every letter was once censored and dictated by way of the guards. Then again, even what the kids controlled to explain is surprising.’   


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